Artificial Intelligence News: AI will add $15 trillion to the global economy (according to Gartner) by 2030. This fast-moving, technological breakthrough is powering the next industrial revolution and will disrupt the global economy in unforeseen ways. The DailyAlts AI channel tracks the latest developments, capital flows, technological advancements, and other influences that will transform the 2020s.
MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), Ava Robotics, and the Greater Boston Food Bank (GBFB) collaborated on a robotic solution to the problem of disinfecting a large area such as a food bank. They designed a robot that used UVC light to exterminate viruses and bacteria on surfaces and aerosols.
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Seed germination and seedling establishment is a crucial process that influences the quality and yield of a crop. Seeds that germinate effectively and uniformly, and according to an expected germination rate, are likely to yield better crops. Therefore, tests monitor the germination progress to enable an assessment of the seed quality. Currently, crop breeders and agricultural laboratories conduct and record these tests manually – a time consuming and error-prone procedure. SeedGerm is a new, AI-enabled process that tests seed samples in a more efficient and low-cost manner.
Jacob Bergdahl, a full-stack developer and AI expert, examines how a fund that used AI to pick stocks compared with an index fund during the acid test of a pandemic.
Beaches across the world are hard put to cope with the task of protecting swimmers from drowning and risky, rip currents. Unattended children and elderly people in medical emergencies are other risks that lifeguards need to watch over. This is a difficult task on crowded beaches, even with alert guards scanning the beach with binoculars. Israeli startup Sightbit has innovated AI to help keep beaches safe from accidents and drownings.
LVivo RV and LVivo Bladder, two new AI-powered ultrasound tools from Israeli Ai specialist company DiA Imaging Analysis Ltd., have received clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and a European CE Mark. The LVivo RV, the first automated analysis of the right ventricle of the heart based on AI, will help to combat COVID-19 mortality linked to right ventricle heart failure. The LVivo Bladder is an AI-powered solution for automated, ultrasound measurement of bladder volume.
BMW (OTCMKTS: BMWYY) is known for allowing a high degree of customization in their cars to customers. For a car, as many as 100 different options are available, and as a result, 99% of car orders are unique to each customer. This level of customization translates into massive challenges in computing, logistics planning, and data analysis for BMW. The company has therefore deployed several robots at its factories.
The generations-old eye test that uses a chart full of alphabets of varying sizes or even the new-fangled digital eye tests may soon be disrupted. The virus pandemic has forced shelter-in-place and homebound people to seek an alternative. What if your glasses broke and you didn’t have a spare set? There may soon be an AI-based alternative – an eye test that can be done online, with the patient using a computer at home.
Coral reefs, one of the most precious of Earth’s ecosystems are in grave danger. Globally, half have already died. The other half could vanish by the end of this century, according to Tom Moore, coral reef restoration program manager for the National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Efforts by human divers are inadequate to restore coral reefs. We need AI and robotics to reverse coral damage, says the NOAA.
Ever-increasing populations, less and less arable land, and climatic changes make it increasingly difficult for the planet’s food producers to keep up with demand. Fresh, sustainable food needs to be put on millions of tables and there is a great need to develop new methods for cultivation. Greenhouses and indoor cultivation will become commonplace. AI and machine learning can be deployed with great results in these spaces.
Seagoing vessels in the polar area need to keep tabs on sea ice and the usual source is ice warning data issued by The Norwegian Meteorological Institute and similar centers. Unfortunately, this is a very expensive process that needs supercomputers and satellites. AI could change that, according to Sindre Markus Fritzner, a doctoral research fellow at UiT The Arctic University of Norway.
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., (NYSE: BR), a global fintech company with over $4 billion in revenues, unveiled its LTX platform for trading in corporate bonds. The AI-driven platform has already traded successfully in recent weeks.
Invasive plant species cost the U.K. economy an estimated £1.7 billion annually. Though about 3,000 alien plant species are found in the country, only 234 of them are currently considered a threat to its ecosystem. These harmful species have properties such as the ability to reproduce rampantly, or to spread themselves across a range of habitats. In so doing, they develop an edge over native flora. The U.K. is now taking recourse to AI to counter these disruptive aliens called Invasive Non-Native Species (INNS).
Artificial Intelligence: Daphne Koller, Founder, Insitro: “In Biopharma, It’s Difficult to Fail Fast”
Insitro has brought together a high-throughput lab (“beyond the frontier on multiple levels,” according to Koller), top-flight biologists, and machine learning and data science people who are at the cutting edge of their profession. The objective is to accelerate decision-making during drug discovery and to assess faster whether the drug could succeed. Fast Company’s Ruth Reader interviewed Daphne Koller on how Insitro was making a difference in drug discovery and development.
Artificial Intelligence: Outgoing JAIC Director Shanahan Says the Pentagon Will Transform Itself Through AI
AI and machine learning are going to be inextricably woven into the functioning of every area in the Department of Defense (DoD). That’s according to Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan, Director, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC). In the interview, Shanahan said: “There is no part of the department that will not be impacted by this. From the back office to the battlefield, and as I like to say, from under the sea to cyberspace and outer space, and all points in between – everything could be made better through the application of AI.”
The Department of Energy’s Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO) has issued a Request for Information (RFI) to experts from national laboratories, academia, industry, and others. The RFI asks these organizations for information and insights on how to achieve path-breaking breakthroughs in AI.
Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) has egg on its face after an AI software deployed in replacement of human editors at MSN mixed up images of mixed-race members of the band Little Mix. The AI software illustrated a story about Little Mix singer Jade Thirlwall (on the left) with an image of her band-mate Leigh-Anne Pinnock (right).
Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory observed that artificial neurons in neural networks became unstable after extended periods spent working on certain kinds of tasks. It appears that these neurons need sleep just like their human counterparts.
Artificial Intelligence: CARES Act Funds Flow to the Pentagon for COVID-19 Vaccines; Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan Retires at JAIC
In April the Department of Defense (DoD) announced plans to use AI and machine learning against COVID-19 and other future virus attacks. The DoD has now unveiled a spending plan to revamp its AI capabilities to “rapidly screen, prioritize, and test Food and Drug Administration approved therapeutics for new COVID-19 drug candidates and human test trials for vaccines and antibody-based treatments.”
Yellow Messenger addresses a new trend – the shift of user engagement for enterprises to new age channels such as WhatsApp, Google Assistant and Alexa. Founders Raghu Ravinutala and Jaya Kishore Reddy Gollareddy were far-sighted enough in 2014 to see the potential of conversational AI as a conduit between enterprises and mobile customers.
Traditional methods of predicting wildfires relied upon how much dry vegetation was present in an area, or in other words, the “fuel” that could trigger and sustain a wildfire. Scientists also looked at how dry the landscape was. These methods were chancy at best, and difficult to assess quickly enough across large areas. However, the analysis of satellite images with the help of artificial intelligence offers hope for a more reliable and faster prediction of wildfires.
South Korea’s SK Telecom deploys robotic COVID-Watcher. It’s a 5G, self-driving robot that checks visitors’ temperature, dispenses sanitizers, and disinfects the floor.
It also scolds people if they do not maintain social distancing norms. It does not have a name, but the robot uses artificial intelligence (AI) to sense gatherings and to tell them to move on.
Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) last week told approximately 50 journalists that their contracts, which will expire June 30, will not be renewed. According to The Seattle Times, human news production contractors will be replaced by artificial intelligence.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has initiated four projects across Canada and Germany to identify doping athletes through the use of artificial intelligence. The agency understands the ethical questions surrounding the use of AI, and will, therefore, use it only as a flag to identify the need for testing.
According to a report from Bloomberg, Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) has acquired machine learning startup Inductiv, Inc., to improve its Siri database. Inductiv identifies and corrects errors in data using a process automated by artificial intelligence.
Daphne Koller raises $143M for Insitro, her AI-Bio startup. Insitro combines cutting-edge biopharma with machine learning.